If you’re looking to improve your website’s ranking on search engines like Google, technical SEO should be at the top of your priority list. Technical SEO refers to the process of optimizing your website’s backend to improve its crawling and indexing by search engines, as well as its overall performance and user experience. To help you get started, we’ve put together a checklist of 10 key factors you should focus on to improve your website’s technical SEO.
Site speed is a critical ranking factor. According to Google, a website should load in less than three seconds. You can use tools like Google’s Page Speed Insights to analyze your website’s loading speed and identify areas for improvement.
Since more and more people are using their mobile devices to browse the web, it’s essential that your website is mobile-friendly. A responsive website design ensures that your website looks and functions well on any device, including smartphones and tablets.
A clear and concise URL structure can help search engines understand your website’s hierarchy and content. Use descriptive and relevant keywords in your URL to improve its visibility and search engine ranking.
An XML sitemap is a file that lists all the pages on your website and helps search engines crawl and index your site. Ensure that your sitemap is up to date and submit it to Google’s Search Console.
Canonicalization refers to the process of choosing a preferred version of your website’s URL. Ensure that your website has only one version of each URL to avoid duplicate content issues, which can negatively impact your website’s ranking.
An SSL certificate ensures that your website is secure and that any information exchanged between your website and users is encrypted. Google considers SSL certificates as a ranking factor, so it’s essential to ensure that your website is secure.
A robots.txt file is a text file that tells search engines which pages to crawl and which pages to ignore. Ensure that your robots.txt file is up to date and correctly configured to avoid blocking search engines from indexing important pages on your website.
Structured data markup helps search engines understand the content of your website better. Use structured data to mark up your website’s content, such as products, events, and reviews, to improve its visibility on search engine results pages.
Images can significantly impact your website’s loading speed. Optimize your images by compressing their size without compromising their quality, adding alt tags, and using descriptive file names to help search engines understand your website’s visual content.
Broken links can negatively impact your website’s ranking and user experience. Use tools like Google’s Search Console to identify and fix broken links on your website regularly.
In conclusion, technical SEO is crucial to improve your website’s visibility and ranking on search engines. By following these ten key factors, you can optimize your website’s backend, improve its crawling and indexing by search engines, and enhance its overall performance and user experience.